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Tamarack/American or Eastern Larch

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Quick Overview

American Larch - Larix laricina


A tall spire-like coniferous tree with deciduous needles starting bright green in spring and turning brilliant gold in fall; prefers extremely moist locations and sandy soils; can look a little odd in winter without needles, but shines the other 3 seasons

Details

Height: 50 feet

Spread: 20 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone: 1a

Other Names: American Larch

Ornamental Features:

Tamarack has bluish-green foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needle-like leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The rough gray bark and gold branches add an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes:

Tamarack is an open deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Tamarack is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Vertical Accent

Plant Characteristics:

Tamarack will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 60 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided.

This species is native to parts of North America.

Additional Information

SKU E1062-G